BUBBLES is an Exploratory Research project targeting at the formulation and validation of a concept of operation for separation management in the U-space. To do this, BUBBLES is developing Artificial Intelligence based algorithms to compute the collision risk of UAS leading to separation minima and methods so that Safety Criteria stated in terms of overall probability of collision can be defined and maintained during all UAS flight phases in order to attain a given Target Level of Safety. Risk-based, operation centric separation minima and methods are assigned to different UAS ConOps, leading to the definition of a set of generic OSEDs from which safety and performance requirements for the involved U-space services and the supporting Communication, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS) systems are derived applying a safety-based approach based on MEDUSA.
CORUS-XUAM is a two-year very large-scale demonstration (VLD) project that will demonstrate how U-space services and solutions could support integrated Urban Air Mobility (UAM) flight operations. These services should allow electric vertical take-off and landing vehicles (eVTOL), unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and other airspace users (unmanned and manned) to operate safely, securely, sustainably and efficiently in a controlled and fully integrated airspace, without undue impact on operations currently managed by ATM.
DACUS aims at the development of a service-oriented Demand and Capacity Balancing (DCB) process for drone traffic management. This overall objective responds to an operational and technical need in European drone operations for a tangible solution integrating the functionalities of the SESAR U-space services for Drone Traffic Management (DTM) to produce timely, efficient and safe decisions. The project intends to integrate in a consistent DCB solution the relevant demand and capacity influence factors (such as CNS performances availability), definitions (such as airspace structure), processes (such as separation management), and services (such as Operation Plan Processing and Dynamic Capacity Management)
Metropolis 2 is a project that responds to SESAR-JU (Single European Sky ATM Research Joint Undertaking) necessity of providing concrete solutions to enable air traffic in high-density urban environments. As the european research market is drifting towards U3/U4 services, the project consolidates the results from U1/U2 services and provides a realistic foundation for future Urban Air Mobility (UAM). It is one of the few projects that is working with U4 services.
A main focus is given to develop solutions to strategic deconfliction, tactical deconfliction and dynamic capacity management. The project is being developed by a consortium of eight institutions with wide experience in U-Space research activities while the outcome concepts and results will contribute to enable safe and efficient U-Space operations in urban environments. Metropolis 2 lies within the EU-2020 Research and Innovation programme.
TindAIR (stands for Tactical INstrumental Deconfliction And Inflight Resolution) is a SESARJU H2020 project to address the issue of tactical deconfliction within Uspace. A series of very large scale demonstrations to show the safe integration of Urban Air Mobility as additional airspace user.
The objective is to demonstrate that the acceptance of this new “traffic” in urban areas is possible, while ensuring the safety and respecting the privacy of people and property . The aim is also to show how this new and complex environment can be integrated safely with existing manned aviation and air traffic control. the TindAIR consortium will operate a series of demonstrations covering a range of representative and operational user cases and featuring a combination of manned and unmanned aircraft. Operational scenarios will address existing urban needs or compelling use cases, from medical emergency transport to a mix of freight and passenger flights, including extreme cases like sector saturation capacity and emergency landing. And all this using aircraft of various types and capacities with varying levels of automation, all sharing the same volume of airspace. Forseen for 2022, the TindAIR demonstrations will be take place in the suburban – urban areas of the French cities of Toulouse and Bordeaux, and will focus on strategic and tactical assistance to conflict detection and resolution.
TindAIR is funded by the European Union´s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement No. 101017677), under the : SESAR-VLD2-03-2020 “U-space capabilities and services to enable Urban Air Mobility” call for proposal. All the TindAIR consortium members are proud to take part in this ambitious, pragmatic and innovative project aimed at carrying out full-scale experiments to enable the emergence of tomorrow’s transport modes and industries. »
USEPE (U-space SEParation in Europe) project (Grant Agreement Number 890378) is a response to the SESAR 2020 EXPLORATORY RESEARCH 4 (ER4) Call for proposals on the topic U-Space ID: SESAR-ER4-31 2019.
The goal of USEPE is to propose, develop and evaluate a concept of operations and a set of enabling technologies aimed at ensuring the safe separation of drones (from each other and from manned aviation) in the U-space environment, with particular focus on densely populated areas.
In order to achieve this goal, specific objectives are identified:
- Identify who shall be the predetermined separator (the drones themselves or the U-space systems) throughout the strategic and tactical planning phases.
- Define and simulate a set of concepts to provide safe separation for different kind of drones in each planning phase. This will include concepts such as density-based separation and geo-vectoring, as well as exploring how artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms can enhance these concepts.
- Assess the impact of the proposed concepts on different Key Performance Areas (KPAs), in particular on safety, capacity and efficiency, in order to derive conclusions and recommendations on the most adequate approach for each operational environment.
The main outcomes of the project will be:
- an Initial Concept of Operation comprising the proposed solutions for the U-space Separation Management System; and
- a set of validation experiments of the proposed solutions, which will enable the completion of the V1 phase as defined by E-OCVM (European Operational Concept Validation Methodology) and the achievement of TRL2 (Technology Readiness Level).
The goal of the Uspace4UAM project is to demonstrate on-board capabilities and U space services to enable Urban Air Mobility (UAM) with special focus on safe integration of UAM operations conducted at low and very low levels in suburban and urban areas. There are four flight demonstrations and one combined exercise planned to be performed during 2021 and 2022. A total of up to 215 live flights and 50 simulations are expected to be conducted to obtain sufficiently representative demonstration results.
These results will be complemented with ConOps further elaborating the demonstrated operational use cases and social acceptance study addressing the steps needed for smooth deployment of UAM.